The Effects of Hail on Different Types of Roofing Materials


Hail damage is a widespread natural hazard that threatens both residential and commercial roofs, ranging from pea-sized hailstones to those larger than softball. When they hit, hail can strike at high speeds causing punctures, cracks, punctured seams and punctures in roofing materials; depending on what material it’s installed upon, the severity of its effects varies significantly – we will explore this topic here in depth.

Asphalt Shingles

Asphalt shingles are one of the most widely-used roofing materials in North America. Relatively inexpensive and available in various colors and styles, asphalt shingles are popular due to their versatility. Unfortunately they’re vulnerable to hail damage; hailstones can cause granule loss, dented surface areas, or cracking which depends on both their size and speed of impact.

Composition Shingles

Composition shingles are an asphalt roof covering consisting of an organic base mat made from fiberglass or organic material and an upper layer made of mineral granules. Unfortunately, composition shingles are highly vulnerable to hail damage if left neglected for too long, especially older or poorly maintained models that have not been regularly maintained and the impact of hailstones can cause granule loss, cracking and fractured shingles due to its sharp nature.

Wood Shingles and Shakes

Wood shingles and shakes are a popular roofing material due to their natural look and aesthetic appeal, yet are less durable than other materials and more susceptible to hailstone damage. Hailstones can cause cracks, splits, indents or indentation in the wood which leads to leakage issues or further damages that require leak seal replacements or repairs.

Metal Roofs

Metal roofs are durable and long-term roofing material designed to withstand extreme weather conditions, including hailstorms. Hailstones may cause denting, scratching and other types of damage on metal surfaces that depend on thickness and quality; their severity varies based on these variables.

(Please note: Certified Quality Roofing does not offer metal roofs. This information is included for completeness)

Standing Seam Metal Roofs

Standing seam metal roofs are an increasingly popular choice for both commercial and residential buildings, featuring panels connected by raised seams that can be vulnerable to hailstone impact damage, which may cause denting, fractures and leakage issues as a result of hailstone hits.

Corrugated Metal Roofs

Corrugated metal roofs are an economical and environmentally-friendly form of metal roofing material constructed with panels of corrugations featuring ridges and grooves, commonly seen on agricultural and industrial buildings. Though corrugated roofs can withstand hailstone damage, its severity depends on both thickness and quality.

Slate Roofs

Slate roofs are an upscale roofing material known for its longevity. Constructed using thin pieces of natural stone, slate roofing systems are relatively resistant to hailstone damage but impacts may still cause cracks and fractures to develop over time.

Clay and Concrete Tile Roofs

Clay and concrete tile roofs are popular choices due to their durability and aesthetic appeal, yet remain relatively immune from hail damage. Their susceptibility will depend on the size and speed of hailstones; any significant impacts may cause cracks or fractures in tiles that result in leakage and other forms of damage that need fixing.

Rubber Roofs

Rubber roofs are an emerging roofing material that are becoming increasingly popular for both commercial and residential buildings. Rubber roofs feature a synthetic rubber membrane that’s durable yet flexible; hailstone impacts may cause punctures or tears in this membrane but otherwise do not significantly damage rubber roofs.

The Bottom Line

If your area experiences frequent hailstorms, upgrading to more durable roofing material such as metal or impact-resistant shingles could be worthwhile as these materials are specifically designed to withstand the impact of hailstones and prevent potential property damage.

Hailstorms can do significant damage to roofs, with severity depending on the material of your roofing material. It is wise to have your roof inspected after each hailstorm to identify damage and make necessary repairs. Furthermore, upgrading to more durable roofing material may provide greater protection in high hailstorm areas – contact the professionals at Certified Quality Roofing to discuss all available options and ensure your home is ready for future hailstorms.

Contact Certified Quality Roofing for all of your roofing needs and to schedule a roof inspection with one of our experienced Roofing Consultants.

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